Funny enough, the best place to see this effect is in the Unions.
As soon as this bill was passed, and the Corporations read it, they realized, "Hey... those stupid unions just signs a bill that takes away the competition in the work force. Now we can screw them."
Sherman law is no longer in effect for that reason.
The best place to see this though is in MLB or other Professional Sports. The Dodgers and Yankees, although competing on the field, partner together financially. Everybody in the baseball market is working together to make sure that the fans spirits go down while profits expand (I love when I can quote a song). This is called a trust, and, without an exemption, is illegal. It is the cooperation of competing businesses to increase profits.
This used to happen a lot with railroads. They would get together and set a price bottom for their fares. Often times, this got out of control. On the flip side though, the reason the airlines are piling on so many fees is because they try to stay competitive with low fees, but cannot just get together and say that a flight from Sacramento to LA can cost no less than $120 dollars. If it gets outrageous, this can be a problem. But the lack of businesses ability to cooperate can also be a problem.
And I do not know what courts would consider specifically to be honest but I hope I helped you understand the principles a little better.
No. If someone is working and they haven't reported it all you need to do is call or write social security and report it. The social security claims rep takes it from there. If you are reporting fraud provide as much information as is possible. Most frauds are unreported work activity. Give employer's name and address. What kind of work the person is doing and how often (hours per day, days per week) and pay if possible.
Unless they are working under the counter you don't know that social security doesn't know about it already unless the beneficiary has told you they are hiding it from them. People can work and still receive disability benefits. Depends upon how much they make and how long they've been working.
Don't even bother contacting them if it's because someone is getting disability benefits and they aren't working. It isn't any of your business and you don't know what social security's medical requirements are. SS does periodic medical reviews and if a person doesn't meet medical requirements anymore when they do the medical review because of medical improvement then their benefits will terminate.
Source: I was a social security claims rep for 32 yrs.