A felony is any crime for which the punishment is more than 1 year of incarceration, which would be served in a state prison.
A misdemeanor is any crime for which the punishment is less than 1 year of incarceration, which would be served in County Jail.
Both of these types of offenses are, with the exception of serious and violent felonies, eligible for probation rather than actually serving the jail time.
Because criminal offenses are not lined up from the least serious to the most serious, it's impossible to say what the "minimum" thing or the "average" thing might be. Different types of offense can be either/or. For instance, a theft can be a petty theft... in CA that's a theft of less than $400 in value... and it's a misdemeanor. If it's over $400 in value, it's grand theft, and it's a felony. Both are theft... they could be EXACTLY the same actions taken by two different people... In one instance it would be a misdemeanor and in the other a felony, based SOLELY on the value of what was stolen.
Too many variables to give you examples of each type of offense.. it all comes down to the statutes and what the law says qualifies as a misdo or a felony.
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