Findlaw.com lists all state and federal codes. Most states define negligence as having 4 elements. !.) There must be a duty owed. 2.)That duty was breached 3). and caused 4.) the plaintiff harm.
Trooper 3316 may not be aware of the change in Texas law as of September 1, 2007. You can't speak to the prosecutor now unless the judge gives you a long winded warning designed to scare the hell out of you about talking to the prosecutor without a lawyer. Makes it harder for you to represent yourself as a pro se defendant.
Moving on, this is all going to depend on whether you wish to deny wrong doing or if you wish to own up to your mistake.
The ALR suspension of your drivers license is a civil penalty with criminal consequences for violation. You may apply for an occupational drivers license at the county court of law in the county you were arrested in or the county you live in to let you go back and forth to work while suspended.
Recent changes to the law make driving on a suspended license a Class C (ticket) offense the first time, unless its a DWI related suspension, so youd still go to jail if you got caught driving suspended. Get the occupational license.
The surcharge is through DPS. You can make payments on the surcharge, but it is expensive anyway you go. Due to the high cost of the Intoxication Surcharge, payments may be the best way to go.
Realting to the lawyer, you can have the court appoint an attorney to you. This might possibly result in a slightly better deal, but also bear in mind they get paid by appearance, and they very well might drag this out to make more money from the county at your expense.
Best thing to do is talk to the prosecutor and see what theyd offer you. If you dont like the offer, reappear in front of the judge and have a lawyer appointed to represent you.
Good Luck......and please dont do that again. The life you save might be mine.
Also....since your 20. Please let us know for clarification
Were you charged with DUI (Driving Under the Influence)
DWI (Driving While Intoxicated)