I am sorry to learn that your friend has a disability and needs a disability attorney. The good news is there are a lot of Social Security Disability Advocacy firms that might be able to assist her with her case. The Social Security Administration allows both attorneys and non-attorney represesentatives to assist people in the prosecution of a social security disability claim. One Social Security Disability Advocacy firm that I know of is Midwest Disability Advocates. There website is http://www.winyourdisabilityclaim.com
Good luck in your search to find a good Social Security Disability Representative. I hope she succeeds in winning her claim.
No, that's not what that term means.
First off, in order to be a lawyer you need to get a degree from an accredited college, attend (and graduate) law school, and then pass the bar and be sworn in. Lawyers who work exclusively on contracts are NOT referred to as "contract lawyers" - they're simply lawyers who have a practice limited to contracts. However, I don't know a single attorney who can actually make a living just practicing in this one area - there's just not enough work.
Second, a "contract lawyer" is a lawyer that is available for temporary assignments on a contract basis. You generally see them on cases (such as class actions) where there is an enormous amount of work to be done, such as reviewing discovery, and the lead attorneys just need help for that part only. So they hire "contract lawyers" to come in, review the documents, and then report their findings. Once that's over, their involvement in the case is finished.
You may also see contract lawyers appearing and performing work for law firms or other attorneys where they have a case they don't want to refer out, but don't have the time to handle themselves. For example, you tend to see a lot of smaller, solo law firms retain another lawyer on a contract basis for the purpose of handling one, specific case. Usually this occurs where the case is outside the expertise of the solo; like if a guy who practices wills & trusts needs to bring on someone to handle a litigation case for one of his clients.